Export of goods is the action of transfer and sending goods from one country to another country. Export of goods plays an important role in economic development; therefore, familiarity with international laws and domestic laws of importing countries is very significant. Gazdrazi Trading Company will be with customers in the whole process of exporting goods, so that the steps related to their export goods can be done easily by saving time.
Types of export goods
Export goods are classified into three categories based on their export license:
Authorized goods: Goods that do not require permits such as human health certificates, livestock and vegetable standards to pass the customs procedures of exporting goods in compliance with the laws are called authorized export goods.
Conditional Goods: goods that require a customs license for export. These types of goods will be able to be exported after the approval of the relevant ministries and sending from the Ministry of Commerce to the customs, but the exporter does not need to refer to the ministry to obtain a license.
Prohibited goods: The last category is related to goods whose export has been declared prohibited based on specific reasons and conditions or the enactment of some laws, and they are not allowed to export.
Gazdrazi Trading Group tries its best to carry out the export of goods for customers with the lowest cost within the framework of customs laws.
Types of good export
The export of goods has different types, which include the following:
In this kind of export, goods are exported outside the customs territory of the country for the purpose of sale or consumption, and there is no need to pay customs duties, commercial interest, duties and taxes by a natural or legal person.
If the goods are exported in order to participate in international exhibitions, and if the goods are not sold, it is possible to return them to the customs office of origin by the trader, it is called temporary export. In this case, there is no need to carry out the customs procedure for importing these types of goods. In the temporary export of goods, the exporter pays an amount as a deposit to the customs, which will be returned after the goods are returned to the customs of origin.
When an export company or a person exports goods to the destination country without an intermediary, it is actually a direct export, and in this case, the exporter will be responsible for carrying out the entire process related to the export of goods. One of the most important advantages of direct export of goods is earning more profit (in other words, no other person or company will share in your profit). Among other advantages of direct export of goods, we can mention the establishment of commercial relations. With this type of exporting, after a while, you will have business relations with numerous foreign and domestic individuals in this field. You can also learn the entire process of exporting goods from A to Z. In the direct export of goods, you need an export department and recruitment of human resources, and you must also consider costs such as the cost of staying in a foreign country. Of course, more time is needed to go through the steps of exporting goods.
In the indirect method, an intermediary is used for the export of goods, who will export the goods with the help of commercial companies and in fact entrusts the export process to another company. In this method of exporting goods, the earned profit is divided between the intermediary and the exporter. In indirect export, the export costs of goods will be greatly reduced. You can also use the experiences of professionals in this field. Among the disadvantages of this method, we can point out the lack of direct control over the price, lack of direct interaction with the customer, and earning lower profit.
Gazdrazi Trading Group, with full knowledge of the various laws of indirect export, will help you to not getting involved in common problems and challenges in the process of exporting goods.
Export of Goods Steps
The steps of exporting goods are divided into several parts, which we explain each step below. Gazdrazi Trading Group will be with you in all steps.
Determining the strategy
In the first stage, all aspects of the export must be carefully evaluated and things such as the customs of the receiving countries, the price of goods, export laws, etc., must be considered.
Identifying Market Needs
In order to choose the right market to sell your export goods, you must carefully examine the sales volume of the goods you are considering in the market of different countries.
Selling export goods in foreign countries requires full familiarity with different marketing and advertising methods.
Usually, in the process of exporting goods, the person or the exporting company must obtain the following documents:
- Valid business card in the name of the goods exporter
- Sales invoice or proforma
- Packing List
- Customs declaration
- Bill of lading
- Certificate from the country of origin
Obtaining a business card: For any type of international business activity, you will need a business card in your field of activity. Therefore, you must receive your business card from the relevant organization before completing the customs procedures for exporting goods.
Proforma or Invoice: After the recipient country is determined, the exporter must prepare a proforma invoice including price information, number of goods, etc. and deliver it to the buyer.
Export contract: After preparing the proforma invoice, a bilateral and legal contract must be signed by the exporter and the buyer.
Customs affairs: All activities related to customs must be done by the exporter. These activities include determining the customs value of the goods, signing the contract of carriage and insurance of goods, obtaining the goods inspection certificate, issuing the invoice and certificate of origin and sending goods from the customs of the country of origin to the country of destination.
Money transfer: For money transfer in the export of goods, banking systems and letters of credit or authorized exchanges are usually used.
Declaration of Export Goods
You must provide the following information to prepare the declaration of export goods:
- Buyer specifications
- Country of origin
- Recipient country
- Exporter specifications
- Goods declarant specifications
- Transaction conditions according to the contract
- Specifications of the means of transport at the loading point
- Goods specifications including type, quantity, weight, customs tariff, amount and export value based on the documents provided
- Specifications of the cargo such as the number and type of packages, its amount, mark, net and gross weight
- The name of the customs office, the number and details of the registration of the declaration in the customs office
Export of Goods from Iran
Usually, trade with neighboring countries is one of the most profitable trades for any country. Because the proximity of the borders will reduce the cost of transportation. This issue has made the neighboring countries the main destination for the export of goods from Iran. In the annual export of Iran, the export of goods to the countries of Dubai, Turkey, Oman, Kuwait, Iraq and Russia have a large share, and the export of goods from Iran is carried out through various land or road routes, air export, water borders, export from free zones, etc.
For instance, due to the short distance between Iranian ports and Iraq, fruits and vegetables are the most exported products from Iran to Iraq, since these perishable products will not be damaged in a short period of time. Different kinds of fruits, vegetables, spices, dried fruits and medicinal herbs have been the main export goods to Russia. According to the Iran's customs statistics, the most Iranian export goods to Oman include:
- Fuels of fossil origin
- Types of living things
- Ceramic products
- Minerals such as salt and sulfur, gypsum and cement
- Various agricultural products
If you want to have a profitable and low-risk business with no need to spend exorbitant or illegal expenses, contact Gazdrazi Trading Group.
Gazdrazi Trading Group, due to having extensive connections and sufficient experience in the field of export, can send any product that can be legally exported to different countries.