Maritime transportation can be considered one of the most important methods of cargo and passenger movement for countries and cities located alongside seas and oceans. Maritime transportation encompasses various types carried out by shipping companies.
If you are looking to utilize these methods and are unsure about the specific models of maritime transportation systems available for your use, this article from the Gezderazi Trading website is for you. In the following, we will acquaint you with important points regarding maritime transportation systems.
Maritime Transportation Services
To have a better understanding of maritime transportation services, it is important to know the foundation and framework that make them widely used. For further information in this field, it is essential to understand that maritime transportation services encompass various types of transporting individuals, goods, packages, animals, and more via ships, boats, and different types of watercraft on canals, lakes, and any other water environments.
Advantages of Maritime Transportation
The use of maritime transportation system comes with numerous advantages. Familiarizing yourself with these advantages can help you make informed decisions about utilizing or not utilizing this transportation system. The key advantages of maritime transportation include the following:
Lower cost is the primary feature and advantage of maritime transportation compared to other transportation methods. The affordability of this method is so significant that approximately 80 to 90 percent of traders prefer to send or receive their goods through sea routes.
Suitable for Heavy Cargo
The items and shipments to be transported are not always lightweight or small. In many cases, there are goods that weigh several hundred tons. These goods cannot be easily transported by air and making maritime transportation a better option for their movement. It should be noted that by using waterborne methods, you can even transport goods weighing up to 200,000 to 500,000 tons.
For merchants and traders who are constantly involved in trading and business transactions, the cost of transporting goods is of great importance. In maritime transportation, tariffs and freight charges paid for the transportation of goods are usually fixed, eliminating the need for concerns in this regard.
Types of Maritime Transportation
Maritime transportation services are implemented and executed through various methods. This allows individuals seeking maritime transportation to choose the method that suits them best and move their goods using that particular method. Different types of maritime transportation have their own differences and characteristics. Therefore, it is crucial to be familiar with these methods and models. The types of maritime transportation methods include:
Cross Stuffing Method
The first maritime transportation method is called cross stuffing, which is used in cases where a country is under sanctions or when loading and unloading of cargo needs to be done in small ports. In this method, cargo is transferred from one ship to another, and the second ship continues its journey.
If the desired port is small, the cargo is transferred from a larger ship to smaller vessels or boats and then reaches the port.
The second method is known as transhipment. Transhipment is used when cargo needs to be unloaded from one ship at an intermediate port and then forwarded to the final destination by another ship or by air. This usually occurs when the initial ship cannot directly access the destination port. For example, many goods exported from Europe arrive at ports in Dubai and then reach Iran from there.
In air transportation, there are also charter flights. In the charter method, a company or a trader hires an entire ship. This means that other individuals do not have the opportunity to use the ship or load their own cargo onto it. Typically, if the shipments are very specific or if a company has an excessive volume of cargo, they use the chartering method.
The groupage method is another maritime transportation method to consider. Sometimes, similar goods from different sellers are sent from a specific origin to a specific destination. In such cases, transportation companies can package and send these goods together. Typically, they also use groupage consignments for this purpose.
Bulk methods are another type of maritime transportation method and are suitable for goods that are unpackaged and sold in bulk form. These goods are transported using ships specifically designed for this purpose. Bulk carriers can be used for both liquid and solid materials, although they come in various types.
Familiarity with Some Terminologies in Maritime Transportation
Forwarder: The coordination between two parties for the transfer of goods is referred to as forwarding activity.
Loading: The transfer of goods onto a vessel.
Bill of Lading: A document issued by the carriers after receipt of the cargo.
Tranship: When a shipment needs to be transferred from one vessel to another.
Carrier: Transportation institution.
FAS: Delivery of goods alongside the vessel.
CIF: The value of insurance and freight.
FOB: Delivering goods onto the ship's deck is called FOB. If the cargo is removed from the ship's edge, the seller will no longer have any responsibility.
C&F: This term refers to the cost of goods plus freight charges.
No matter what type of goods you have, whether you want to import them from one port to another within a country or between two countries, or even from the farthest corners of the world to Iran, you can seek assistance from us at Gezderazi Trading Company.
Based on the type of services and the volume of your goods, we provide consultation and price inquiries so that you can make the best choices. Gezderazi Trading Company, with its expertise in this field, assures you that merchants can send and receive their goods without any concerns or worries.