What are the conditions for steel sheet clearance? Are you familiar with the various stages of importing and clearing steel sheets? Steel sheets are one of the most widely used products in various industries, including the construction industry, pharmaceuticals, food industry, elevator manufacturing, and household appliances. Due to its extensive applications, the import of this product to Iran is significant. However, domestic steel sheet production faces considerable limitations due to the lack of sufficient equipment and existing challenges in steel production within the country.
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Consequently, steel sheet import is carried out from other countries such as Korea, China, Taiwan, Spain, and South Africa. Reputable factories that export steel sheets to Iran include Tisco from China, Posco from South Korea, YC and YLS from Taiwan, Acerinox from Spain, and Columbus from South Africa. In this article, we will familiarize you with the process of steel sheet clearance through customs with Gezderazi Trading Company. Stay with us.
What is Steel Sheet?
Steel sheet is primarily made of iron with other elements present in its composition. The addition of these elements to the steel sheet increases its strength, flexibility, and resistance to corrosion. This product is produced from a steel alloy, which is mainly a combination of iron, carbon, manganese, sulfur, phosphorus, silicon, chromium, and nickel. It is manufactured in various grades and types based on the type and amount of elements used in its alloy, and it is available in the market for buying and selling.
Steel sheets are categorized based on the type of surface into matte steel sheet, bright steel sheet, checkered steel sheet, and embossed steel sheet. They are also classified according to their application into industrial steel sheets and decorative steel sheets.
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The Application of Steel and the Increase in Steel Sheet Imports
Steel sheet is one of the essential imported commodities in Iran, primarily due to sanctions and the lack of domestic manufacturing technology. As a result, the import volume of steel sheet to the country and the clearance process have seen a significant increase. This product is available in the form of hot-rolled and cold-rolled, as well as in sheet and coil formats. The majority of steel sheet imports are sourced from countries such as China, South Korea, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates.
Grading and Different Types of Steel Sheet
Before we discuss steel sheet imports in this article by Gezderazi Trading Company, it is necessary to provide some explanation regarding the grading of steel sheet. Different types of steel sheets have distinct properties and applications due to their varying composition and elements.
Specifically, regarding the various grades of steel sheet, it is important to mention that these sheets are produced in different series, such as 200, 300, 400, 500, and 600. It should be noted that series 200, 500, and 600 steel sheets are not available in Iran.
The most commonly used steel sheets are stainless steel 304 non-magnetic sheet, stainless steel 316 non-magnetic sheet, stainless steel 430 magnetic sheet, and their low-carbon variants L316, L304, and L430 sheets.
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Series 300 Stainless Steel Sheets
Series 300 stainless steel sheets are composed of carbon (0.015% to 0.1%), nickel (16% to 21%), and molybdenum (0% to 7%). The presence of nickel in this series enhances the steel's resistance to corrosion and flexibility, while molybdenum increases its resistance to corrosion in acidic and marine environments. Sheets 301, 302, 303, 304, 316, and 317 are subcategories of Series 300, differing in the amount of carbon, nickel, and molybdenum in their alloy. These sheets are also known as non-magnetic stainless steel sheets as they are not attracted to magnets. The most common ones in this series are stainless steel sheets 304, L304, 316, and L316, with L304 and L316 having lower carbon content compared to sheets 304 and 316.
Series 400 Stainless Steel Sheets
Series 400 stainless steel sheets are composed of iron as the base metal along with 0.02% to 0.06% carbon, 10.5% to 30% chromium, and 0% to 4% molybdenum. As evident, the carbon content is low, and chromium and molybdenum are the main elements used in this alloy. Due to their magnetic properties and attraction to magnets, sheets in this group are also known as magnetic stainless steel sheets. 430 stainless steel sheets are the most common grades in Series 400, and their low-carbon type, known as L430 sheets, is readily available and supplied in the market.
These sheets exhibit excellent resistance to corrosion, rust, and high weldability. They are widely used in various industries such as construction, household appliances, kitchenware, cookware, electric steam boilers, cooling and heating systems, hot water tanks, various pipe manufacturing, and more.If you want to learn more about stainless steel sheets and how to clear them through customs, please feel free to contact our experts at Gezderazi Trading Company and gain further information in this regard.
Limitations on Steel Sheet Imports
Consumers of this product are divided into two categories: end consumers and sectional consumers. End consumers repeatedly use steel sheets as raw materials for their products. Sectional consumers, on the other hand, are advised to purchase from the domestic market since they only need the product for a specific section of their operations and do not require imports.
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Those who have recurring and continuous steel needs with a high order volume must fulfil their requirements through imports. The import of this product comes with its own specific issues and challenges, including the customs clearance of steel sheets, ensuring the delivery of the goods in proper packaging and in perfect condition, and more. It is worth mentioning that purchasing from reputable trading companies offers numerous advantages to customers, including the possibility of inspecting and even sampling the product, along with its analysis.
By doing so, customers can be assured of the product's quality and significantly reduce the chances of discrepancies. Moreover, buying from these companies prevents customers from wasting time on customs clearance procedures.
The Process of Steel Sheet Import and Customs Clearance
Steel sheets are imported into Iran in various forms, including hot-rolled and cold-rolled, with different thicknesses. Based on these characteristics, each type of steel sheet receives a specific Harmonized System (HS) code. The majority of cleared steel sheets are transported in the form of sheets or rolls, and due to their volume and weight, they need to be moved using a 20-foot container. This product is considered a priority 22 item due to the high demand from various industries in the country. These sheets are subject to the lowest customs tariff rate, which is equivalent to 1 to 3 percent, upon entry into the country.
The customs clearance of steel sheets does not require a specific license; however, they must meet certain standards. To examine the standards, a sample must be taken from the cut piece of the product, which can prolong the clearance process. Sending the sample to the relevant standards organization and receiving a response from them may take up to one week. It's essential to know that customs clearance for steel sheets requires a material determination test. The fundamental question is why such a product needs a material determination test?
The answer lies in the fact that determining the type, classification, grade, and thickness of the sheet is essential for tariff classification and other related matters. Therefore, a material determination test is required.
If you intend to import steel sheets and want to know the exact prices, you can contact our experts at Gezderazi Trading Group and get informed about the current prices.
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The Most Important Reason for the High Demand for Steel Sheets
The stainless steel sheets' corrosion resistance property has led to an increase in demand for this product. Iran's highest need for steel sheets is fulfilled through the import of this commodity, and due to fluctuations in currency and dollar prices, the cost of this product has also undergone significant changes. Hence, one of the most critical concerns for importers of this product is finding a high-quality manufacturer with reasonable prices. The customs clearance of stainless steel sheets, given its high demand, is very common and prevalent.
Stages of Customs Clearance for Steel Sheets
Having a business card for customs clearance of steel sheets is mandatory, and due to the difficulties and limitations in importing goods to Iran, it is better to seek assistance from an importing company.
The customs tariff code in the clearance of steel sheets is of great importance. As you know, these sheets come in various types, such as embossed steel sheets, cold-rolled steel sheets, acid-resistant steel sheets, matte steel sheets, and more, each having its specific customs tariff code.
Due to the legal and precise nature of exports and imports to Iran, legal authorities have considered different customs tariff rates for each of these goods. Having a comprehensive list of customs tariff codes will greatly assist in the customs clearance of steel sheets. Like any imported commodity, the clearance process for steel sheets involves steps such as registering the order in the system, obtaining an exchange permit from the authorized bank to receive the code, collecting transportation documents, clearance receipts, warehouse receipt, packing list, and invoice.
These steps require a significant amount of time and expenses, which is why it is advisable to seek help from professional and experienced customs clearance experts in this field. Customs clearance experts are familiar with the laws and procedures for clearing goods and can efficiently and accurately handle all the required stages.
In this article, we have familiarized you with the stages and process of customs clearance for steel sheets. At Gezderazi Trading Group, we specialize in the import of various types of steel sheets for different companies to expand their productions in the shortest possible time. Our expertise lies in handling complex and challenging customs clearances. Examples of such imports and clearances include glass flasks, kitchen sinks, household appliances, and various other industries, all of which, like steel sheets, can be easily and legally cleared through our services.
As you have noticed, there are different stages and conditions for clearing these goods, and having knowledge of customs regulations can expedite the process. By utilizing the expertise of professional customs clearance experts, you can clear your goods without any concerns and in the shortest time possible.